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React Native stands out as a go-to framework for developers aiming to create high-quality cross-platform mobile applications. But, as with any framework, you may occasionally run into performance hiccups. This article will provide you with a deep dive into enhancing your React Native application’s performance, complete with code examples and step-by-step explanations.

react native performance

Table of Contents

Profiling React Native Apps

Before making any changes, it’s crucial to determine the specific performance bottlenecks in your app.

React DevTools can be an invaluable tool for this purpose. With its profiling capabilities, you can gain insights into component render cycles and other performance metrics.

Code Example: Setting up React DevTools

  1. Install React DevTools package:

    npm install --save-dev react-devtools
  2. After installation, initiate the standalone version:


Once launched, this tool provides insights into your components, helping identify inefficiencies.

Reducing Render Cycles

Excessive or unnecessary re-renders can be a primary performance culprit. The use of PureComponent and shouldComponentUpdate can help combat this.

Using PureComponent

If your component’s render output doesn’t alter between state or props variations, PureComponent can be handy. It conducts a shallow comparison of state and props, ensuring a component only re-renders when actual changes occur.

Code Example: Implementing PureComponent

import React, { PureComponent } from 'react';

class OptimizedComponent extends PureComponent {
    render() {
        return <Text>{this.props.text}</Text>;

Using shouldComponentUpdate

For granular control over your component’s rendering behavior, consider the shouldComponentUpdate lifecycle method. It allows you to manually determine the conditions under which a re-render should occur.

Code Example: Implementing shouldComponentUpdate

class CustomComponent extends React.Component {
    shouldComponentUpdate(nextProps) {
        // Only re-render if the 'text' prop undergoes a change
        return nextProps.text !== this.props.text;

    render() {
        return <Text>{this.props.text}</Text>;

Optimizing Lists with FlatList

Lists, especially long ones, can drain performance. React Native’s FlatList component, built with performance in mind, is the solution.

Code Example: Implementing FlatList

import { FlatList } from 'react-native';

const dataSample = [{ id: '1', text: 'Item 1' }, { id: '2', text: 'Item 2' }];

const ItemRenderer = ({ item }) => <Text>{item.text}</Text>;

const EfficientList = () => {
    return (
            keyExtractor={item =>}

Here, data specifies the list’s content, renderItem renders each item, and keyExtractor provides unique keys for each item, helping with list performance and stability.

Effective State Management

For applications with complex state management (e.g., using Redux or MobX), it’s essential to connect components smartly to ensure only necessary re-renders occur.

Code Example: Using Redux

import { connect } from 'react-redux';

const DisplayComponent = ({ text }) => <Text>{text}</Text>;

const mapStateToComponentProps = state => ({
    text: state.textReducer.text

export default connect(mapStateToComponentProps)(DisplayComponent);

By binding the state to the component at this granular level, only DisplayComponent re-renders when state.textReducer.text sees changes.

Leveraging Native Modules

For compute-heavy tasks, sometimes the best approach is diving into native code. React Native offers this flexibility with native modules.

Code Example: Creating Native Modules

For iOS (Objective-C):

  1. Establish a new file CustomNativeModule.m: “`objective-c #import <React/RCTBridgeModule.h>

@interface RCT_EXTERN_MODULE(CustomNativeModule, NSObject)



For Android (Java):
1. Instantiate a Java class ``:
package com.appname;

import com.facebook.react.bridge.ReactApplicationContext;
import com.facebook.react.bridge.ReactContextBaseJavaModule;

public class CustomNativeModule extends ReactContextBaseJavaModule {
    public CustomNativeModule(ReactApplicationContext reactContext) {

    // Method implementations follow

Post-implementation, these native modules can be summoned from your React Native JavaScript realm.

Image Optimization

High-res images can be performance killers. Tools like TinyPNG can compress images without perceptible quality loss. Moreover, the resizeMode prop in React Native’s Image component can further enhance image presentation.

Code Example: Utilizing resizeMode

import { Image } from 'react-native';

const PerformanceOptimizedImage = () => (

Here, resizeMode ensures the image occupies designated space without stretching or pixelation.


Improving React Native app performance isn’t about universal solutions but understanding the specific needs and bottlenecks of your application. By employing the techniques and strategies covered above, you’re well on your way to delivering a smoother, faster user experience. As always, the journey to optimization is ongoing, but with the right tools and knowledge, it’s a rewarding one.

Categories: React Native

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